Guest blog by Namig Naghdaliyev
This is a blog series written by the alumni of the Implementing Public Policy Executive Education Program at the Harvard Kennedy School. Participants successfully completed this 6-month online learning course in December 2020. These are their learning journey stories.
One of the common age-old questions we are thinking about is a positional competition between theory and practice. This question is of utmost importance and common in economic policymaking and implementation.
Before taking this course, I was familiar with the Harvard Kennedy School’s advancing role in building threshold points, not only theory but also practice. This course assured me and made me more than confident that HKS is one of the main engines of adding global public policy values.
Each module we passed through was full of guiding insights about the challenges of public policy implementation. However, from my perspective, I can group my critical learnings into three groups 1. Formulation and implementation of public policy reforms are the engineerings of conflict of interests from the standpoint of public interests; 2. Delivery mindset is a core requirement for every successful reform team; 3. In complex environments, public policy should have more elasticity allowing adaptivity.
The challenge I worked on was “Transformation of economic growth model for Hopeland.” It was a fictionary country based on real cases and challenges from different countries. Good to underline that this course guided me to find practical solutions on solving obstacles on new growth model building under policy challenge.
Table: Fishbone diagram for policy challenge
|P1||Weak Rule of Law|
|1.1||Foster Judiciary Reforms|
|1.2||Accelerate reforms in other institutional bodies of the legal system|
|P2||High level of monopolization|
|2.1||Adopt competitiveness Law|
|2.2||Establish Anti-Monopoly Committee|
|2.3||De-monopolize the logistic sector|
|2.4||De-monopolize the hospitality sector|
|2.5||Establishing free tax zones for IT start-ups, provide them financial, marketing, infrastructure support to enhance the business|
|P3||Inefficiency of the SOE sector|
|3.1||Improving the regulatory and supervisory framework of the sector through adopting SOE law|
|3.2||Granting regulatory and supervisory mandate to the Ministry of Finance|
|3.3||Developing transparency, accountability, procurement, and reporting standards and procedures for the SOEs|
|3.4||Scaling-off SOE engagement in the commercial market through privatization|
|P4||Small size of tradable sector|
|4.1||Create tax relief for tradable sector|
|4.2||Promote tradable sector products in abroad|
|P5||Lack of high skilled human capital|
|5.1||Establishment of Human Capital Council|
|5.2||Remodeling school management framework and enhancing the competition between schools through implementing schools’ grading systems|
|5.3||Development IT infrastructure to deliver high-quality education services to remote places|
|5.4||Financing Program of the education in abroad|
|5.5||Support vocational education|
|P6||Low qualitity of the Governance in the Public Sector|
|6.1||Increasing the role of the PM’s Office in management of civil service in the public sector|
|6.2||Developing KPI system for the bureaucratic apparatus|
|6.3||De-politicization of mid and low-level bureaucratic apparatus|
|6.4||Moving forward to the establishment of merit-based governance|
|7.1||Optimize mandate and structure of fiscal authority|
|7.2||Implement fiscal consolidation|
|7.3||Implement growth and sustainability oriented fiscal rules|
|7.4||Improve fiscal transparency|
|7.5||Reform the public procurement system|
|P8||Weak monetary transmission|
|8.1||Adopt new CB law|
|8.2||Remodel the state-owned bank and enhance competition in banking system|
|8.3||Increase transparency and accountability of the banking system|
|8.4||Establish inter-bank money market|
|8.5||Improve the quality of economic research|
|P9||Fixed Exchange Rate regime|
|9.1||Increase the flexibility of national currency|
|9.2||Develop hedging instruments|
|10.1||Become a member of the WTO|
|10.2||Develop mutual trade unions with key trade partners|
During the course period, we implemented essential reforms through the directions highlighted in the fishbone. Reforms are still in progress, and we have a way to go for finalizing the transformation to the new growth model. I firmly believe that my course experience will be beneficial in my future endeavors.
I liked one wisdom from a book on economic reforms – The most careful thing is to dare (Shimon Peres). I wish my fellow PDIA practitioners high enthusiasm and dare in their unvalued works – contributing to public policy by adding high values.